The Tesla Model Y is the newest addition to the Tesla family - it was released in 2020 as a crossover version of the Model 3 that had optional seating for seven and more cargo space. In fact, 75% of its parts come directly from the Model 3. The Standard Range Model Y was initially priced at $40K, helping to fulfill the promise of affordable electric vehicles for all - even the trendiest of soccer families - but price hikes and trim changes in 2021 have left the Model Y better positioned to compete with luxury and performance electric crossover. It can easily get 275 miles per charge although the oldest ones on the road are still shy of two years.
There have been no major redesigns to the Model Y since its initial production, but Tesla does offer over-the-air software upgrades for all their cars. The Model Y is slated for construction in Tesla's Berlin and Texas factories which should help ease the company's current 10-month delivery date for a Model Y. The Berlin factory will be piloting a new construction method that uses poured and molded aluminum, rather than attached pieces, for the frame.
There are three main trims for the Model Y, although the existence of the Standard Range Model Y remains elusive. The Standard Range was the original, $40K production model, which has been pulled from the US market a few times, only to be (rumored) available by request, unless you're looking to buy yours in China. Recurrent does have a handful of 2021 Standard Range Model Y's in our research fleet, so they probably do exist.
Other trim levels for the Model Y are the Long Range (RWD and AWD) and the Performance, both of which come with 75 kWh battery. The Performance trim eats some of the range but it provides a top speed of 155 mph and a zero to sixty time of 3.5 seconds. All versions of the Model Y are available with a class II steel tow bar good for up to 3,500 lbs and full self drive capability.
The table below represents the trims in the Recurrent community.
The Tesla Model Y is a battery electric vehicle, or BEV. This means that it runs exclusively on electricity, which is provided by a high voltage lithium ion battery. It has zero tailpipe emissions.
For any all-electric vehicle, range means how many miles the car can go when it’s charged to 100%. Like with an internal combustion vehicle, the real-world range may vary with driving conditions. The EPA rates electric vehicles with a single, estimated range for all of a particular make, model, year, and trim. However, there can be both short and long term changes to what the EPA predicts. Short term changes are usually caused by external factors such as driving style, terrain, or temperature, while permanent range effects are due to battery degradation and age.
Seasonal changes and driving behaviors affect the day-to-day range that EVs can achieve. For example, you may have 50 more miles of range with springtime city driving than with cold winter road trips. While all EV batteries have some dependency on external factors, the amount of on-board variability you’ll see in a car depends on battery chemistry and how the car manufacturer programs the battery management system. Read more about how temperature affects range here.
We know that in new EVs, there is an initial drop off in range. This is expected in all lithium ion batteries and means that the battery chemistry is settling into its long-term state. After this initial drop, range estimates (and battery health) tend to fall into a steady but slow decline.
The Model Y has not been on the road that long - they were only released in 2020 - so we don't yet know how they will age or how the range will degrade. Used Model Y ranges at 100% charge vary from 214 to 342 miles, depending on trim. The Standard Range trim gets the lowest range, with an EPA range of only 244, but all trims see some vehicles hitting 300 miles on a full charge.
The main ways to measure vehicle efficiency, or energy use per distance traveled, are MPGe and miles/kWh. You may see these values on new car stickers or on dealer listings. The Model Y is based on the highly efficient Model 3, and gets between 111-129 MPGe. In terms of of miles per kWh, it falls between 3.3-3.8 mi/kWh. This falls on the high end of efficiency, but vehicles with Performance mode generally be less efficient. The Standard Range trims are the most efficient with a truly chart-topping 129 MPGe.
Our community of Model Y drivers give the car a Charging Score of 4.68/5, meaning that most drivers are very satisfied with their charging experience. Tesla recommends that owners charge at home for daily charging needs and offers an add-on purchase of a home, level-2 charger. The Model Y is also part of the Tesla supercharger network with more than 10,000 US locations. Tesla superchargers can provide up to 200 miles of range in around 15 minutes, with max charge speeds of 250 kW. Model Y drivers can also charge at other public charging locations, such as EVgo and Electrify America, although they may require a CCS adapter. New Teslas come standard with a J1772 adapter for use at public or non-Tesla level 2 chargers.
Teslas all have lithium ion batteries, which are power dense, high voltage battery packs. All lithium ion batteries slowly lose power and capacity with age because of a thing called battery degradation. The battery degrades based on two things:
a) the age of the battery (also known as 'calendar' aging)
b) how the battery is used, charged, and stored
There is no way to avoid calendar aging, but there are things that can cause a battery to degrade faster than expected. There are a number of things EV owners can do to slow the process but it is a longer discussion that we have covered in a research article on battery degradation.
The battery size, or battery capacity, is measured in kWh. All trims of the Model Y come with a single battery size of 75 kWh, meaning that performance trims and higher powered motors will reduce available range. A 75 kWh battery is on the large side but is necessary for the performance, speed, and size of the Model Y.
Tesla builds the Model Y batteries to last. Their battery warranty guarantees against degradation past 70% for 8 years or 120,000 miles, whichever comes first. The warranty is transferrable if the car is sold, and used Teslas purchased directly from Tesla.com also come with an additional 1 year, 10,000 mile warranty.
Curious how long EV batteries last? Read more here!
This page shares Tesla Model Y data collected from over 500 cars across the United States. Each of the 3 million miles driven helps to draw a picture of the Model Y experience. We polled our community of drivers to find out what they love and what they could leave with their vehicles.
Most liked features:
"Technology is so far advanced. Driving is a pleasure. Love my heated steering wheel, seats, radio speakers. Height of seats makes getting in and out so easy.
"It works as a normal car. I don't also need to own an ICE car."
"The throttle response is so instantaneous that it almost feels that your foot is directly connected to the motors.
Room to improve:
"Actual range. Rated range 326 mi. Actual 296 after 8 months- 20% off bottom and 10% off top = 206 usable average. No one to contact about questions or problems ."
"Ride quality, build quality and road noise
"The finishes are not durable. It doesn't take much to dent interior or scratch exterior finishes.
The Green Score for the Model Y is great, since as an all-electric car, it has the lowest tailpipe emissions. Buying a used Tesla is another great way to lower your environmental impact - every used car purchased means one fewer new car that needs to be produced and shipped. Finally, you can really up your green game by powering your EV with renewable energy for the ultimate clean machine.
The Model Y was initially conceived as a moderately priced crossover vehicle akin to the Model 3 but with more storage and seating. The original Standard Range model was sold new at around $40K. However, many price increases and removal of the Standard Range trim have left the Model Y a rather pricey vehicle, starting at $58,990 for the lowest priced options. The Performance trim brings the price to $63,990. Tesla also is no longer eligible for the $7,500 tax credit for new cars, but pending legislation may restore this incentives.
The average used price for a Model Y is around $67K. Since it was only released in 2020, there is not that much variation in the used prices of 2020 or 2021 model years, although the 2021's tend to be around 2K higher. Like all used cars, and especially used Teslas, the used price of a Model Y has risen substantially in 2021 - based on our Marketcheck data, the Model Y has seen an average increase of around $10K from April to December.
There is less variation in the price of used and new Model Y's than other Teslas because there are fewer options and trims available.
Recurrent uses cost per range mile as a way to measure the marginal increase in range that larger battery capacity or different trims may offer. The Model Y has a cost per range mile between $210 - $275 across all used model years and all trim levels. The relatively small spread in the cost per range mile is due to the similar pricing and range estimates for almost all Model Y's.
Recurrent uses data from the AFDC to determine the range of annual charging costs for a Model Y. Assuming and average driving pattern of 34 miles a day, 5 days a week, 49 weeks a year with 25% highway driving, plus a few additional highway road trips, you can estimate your annual charging costs to be between $313 - $1,200 for 2020 Model Y Long Range. More detailed and personalized values can be calculated at the link above. For our calculations, the highest electricity price is found in Hawaii and the lowest in Louisiana.