As the production of EVs ramps up, it will continue to provide employment opportunities for workers with a variety of backgrounds. Common EV occupations include the scientists and engineers who conduct research in electric drive technology, the manufacturing workers who physically construct and build the vehicles, and the automotive maintenance technicians who facilitate repairs on both the cars and the charging stations. Most of these jobs are skilled, high paying, and stable. Unions such as United Auto Workers are pushing to make many of them union positions, too.  

In June 2022, the US Department of Energy released the 2022 US Energy and Employment Report (USEER), which revealed that in 2021, electric vehicle jobs increased by a whopping 26.2%, or 21,961, new jobs. The energy sector added more than 300,000 jobs, both in electric vehicles and other vehicle sectors, including: hybrid electric vehicles (23,577 new jobs), plug-in hybrid vehicles (14,790 jobs), and hydrogen fuel cell (4,160 jobs).

Manufacturing a row of new electric motors

More jobs is the plan

President Joe Biden’s passing of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) will increase job creation in EVs and related fields even more. Since the passage of the act in August 2022, automakers and suppliers have announced $11 billion in electric vehicle battery investments to on-shore and localize supply chains and meet sourcing requirements. This is largely due to specific provisions in the legislation that aim to boost domestic manufacturing of electric vehicles and batteries by restricting which EVs get a $7500 credit. 

Until now, the EV battery supply chain has been heavily reliant on China, which has historically processed around 71 percent of global lithium, 65 percent of cobalt, and 35 percent of nickel. Electric cars that get sold in the US are assembled all over the world. The IRA tries to localize the EV supply chain - from sourcing battery minerals to assembling vehicles - in order to change this geopolitical landscape. Bringing these industries to the US will strengthen our competitive advantage in research and development of new technologies, reduce manufacturing and shipping emissions and bottlenecks, and create many highly paid, stable manufacturing jobs. 

Many of these jobs will be created in the Southeast, which was a center for political opposition to the Inflation Reduction Act and is still slow to adopt electric vehicles. Kentucky, a state that was very coal-centric, will soon have more taxes coming in from batteries than the entire coal industry.

Here are some of the projects, along with the projected job creation figures. We'll be adding to this list so feel free to send us additions.

Location
  • Georgia
  • Atlanta, GA
  • North Carolina
  • West Tennessee
  • Oklahoma
  • Big Rapids, Michigan
  • Ohio
  • Detroit, Michigan
  • North Carolina
  • Pryor, OK
  • Kokomo, Indiana
  • Clarksville, TN
  • TBD
  • Statesboro, GA
  • Oklahoma City, OK
  • Spartanburg and Woodruff, SC
  • New York
  • Methuen, MA
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Toledo, OH
  • Indiana
Company
  • Hyundai
  • Rivian
  • VinFast
  • Ford and Rockwell Automation
  • Tesla and Panasonic
  • Gotion
  • Honda Motor Co. and LG Energy Solution
  • Our Next Energy (ONE)
  • Toyota North America
  • Canoo
  • Stellantis and Samsung
  • LG Chem
  • GM and Microvast
  • Joon and Hyundai
  • Canoo
  • BMW
  • Electrovaya
  • Factorial Energy
  • Piedmont Lithium
  • Ford and SK Signet
  • General Motors
  • General Motors
Estimated Investment
  • $5.5 billion; 8100 jobs
  • $7 billion; 7500 jobs
  • $2 billion; 7500 jobs
  • $5.6 billion; 6000 jobs
  • $4 billion; 4000 jobs
  • $2.4 billion; 2350 jobs
  • $4.4 billion; 2200 jobs
  • $1.6 billion; 2112 jobs
  • $2.8 billion; 2100 jobs
  • TBD; 2000 jobs
  • $2.5 - $3.1 billion; 1400 jobs
  • $3.2 billion; 850 jobs
  • $500 million; 700 jobs
  • $317 million; 630 jobs
  • TBD; 500 jobs
  • $1.7 billion; 300 jobs
  • $75 million; 250 jobs
  • $45 million; 160 job
  • $582 million; 117 jobs
  • $15 million
  • $760 million
  • $491 million
Site Type
  • EV manufacturing
  • EV manufacturing
  • EV manufacturing
  • Battery and parts manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery parts
  • EV parts
  • EV manufacturing
  • EV manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Battery manufacturing
  • Lithium processing
  • EV infrastructure
  • EV parts
  • EV parts

Heat map of locations and job creation 

The heat map below shows a visual representation of where new EV, battery, and infrastructure manufacturing will be located in the US.

Map of the US showing where job creation will be taking place due to the rise of EV manufacturing

Written by Carolyn Kossow (she/her), a gender, queer, and racial justice activist who is dedicated to a life and career advocating for social justice. Through Kossow Consulting, Carolyn has enjoyed the flexibility and diversity of being able to support the work of several mission-driven organizations: nonprofits, start-ups, small business, and global companies alike.